What Are The Biggest Dams In India?

Dams in India are one of the most contributing factors towards the Indian economy as farming and hydro-power generation depends upon the biggest dams. It plays a vital role in the economic development of the country. India is one of the popular tourist destinations in Asia and reservoirs and Dams attract tourists from all over the world.

Since India gains its independence in 1947 hundreds of Dams were built till now and some of them are under construction. Dams like Tehri dam highest dam in India, Hirakud dam longest dam in India and many other wondrous dams were built in India.

So Here is the List of 10 Biggest Dams In India 2019

1. Tehri Dam- Uttarakhand

Tehri Dam India

  • State: Uttrakhand
  • River: Bhagirathi River
  • Type: Rock and earth-fill
  • Height: 260 Meter
  • Length: 575 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 2,100,000 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1000 MW (1,300,000 hp)

The Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India and one of the most elevated on the planet. It is a multi-reason rock and earth-fill dam on the Bhagirathi River close to Tehri in Uttarakhand, India.

Tehri Dam is India’s Highest Dam and 8th Highest Dam in the World.

It is the essential dam of the THDC India Ltd. also, the Tehri hydroelectric complex. Stage 1 was finished in 2006. The Tehri Dam retains a repository for the water system, municipal water supply and produces 1,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity.

2. Bhakra-Nangal Dam- Himachal Pradesh

Bhakra nangal Dam

  • State: Himachal Pradesh
  • River: Sutlej River
  • Type: Concrete gravity
  • Height: 226 Meter
  • Length: 520 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,501,775 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1325 MW

Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej watercourse in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir. The dam, placed at a gorge close to the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh of height 226 m.The length of the dam (measured from the road higher than it) is 518.25 m and also the dimension is 9.1 m.

Its reservoir called “Gobind Sagar” stores up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water. The ninety metric linear unit long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is cover a locality of 168.35 km2. In terms of the amount of water, it’s the third largest reservoir in an Asian country, the primary being Indirasagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with the capability of 12.22 billion conductor m and second Nagarjunasagar Dam.

3. Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat

Sardar Sarovar Dam

  • State: Gujrat
  • River: Narmada River
  • Type: Earth gravity
  • Height: 163 Meter
  • Length: 1210 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,701,775 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1450 MW

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada river close to Navagam, Gujarat in India. Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity equipped from the dam. the inspiration stone of the project was set out by Prime Minister Nehru on 5 April 1961. The project took to type in 1979 as a part of a development theme funded by the planet Bank through their International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, to extend irrigation and turn out electricity, employing a loan of US$ 200 million.

The development for dam begun in 1987, however, the project was stalled by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 within the background of Narmada Bachao Andolan over considerations of displacement of individuals. In 2000-01 the project was revived however with a lower height of 110.64 meters underneath directions from SC, that was later raised in 2006 to 121.92 meters and 138.98 meters in 2017.

4. Hirakud Dam- Odisha

Hirakud Dam

  • State: Odisha
  • River: Mahanadi River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 60.96 Meter
  • Length: 25,800 Meter (25.8 km)
  • Reserve Capacity: 4,779,965 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 307.5 MW

Hirakud Dam is made across the Mahanadi stream, regarding fifteen kilometres (9.3 mi) from Sambalpur within the state of Odisha in India. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long. it’s one among the primary major useful stream valley comes started when India’s independence.

Hirakud Dam Is the Longest Dam in India As well as In the world with 25.9 Kilometer Length.

The dam supports 2 different hydroelectric power houses. Power House I is found at the bottom  of the main dam section and contains 3 x 37.5 MW Kaplan turbine and a couple of x 24 MW hydroelectric turbine generators for an installed capability of 259.5 MW. station II is found 19 km (12 mi) southeast of the dam 21°21′10″N 83°55′00″E at Chipilima. It contains 3 x 24 MW generators. The total installed capability of the dam’s power house is 347.5 MW.

5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam-Andhrapradesh, Telangana

10 Biggest Dams In India 1

  • State: Andhrapradesh, Telangana
  • River: Krishna River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 124.66 Meter
  • Length: 4,865 Meter 
  • Reserve Capacity: 9,372,655 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 816 MW

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is one among the world’s largest and tallest Masonry dams engineered across the Krishna stream at Nagarjuna Sagar that straddles the border between Nalgonda District, Telangana State, Republic of India and Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh State, India. made between 1955 and 1967, the dam created a water reservoir with gross storage capability of 11.472 billion cubic meters (405.1×109 cubic ft). The electricity plant contains a power generation capability of 815.6 MW with eight units (1×110 MW+7×100.8 MW).

6.Indira Sagar Dam- Madhya Pradesh

Indira sagar dam

  • State: Madhya Pradesh
  • River: Narmada River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 92 Meter
  • Length: 653 Meter 
  • Reserve Capacity: 9,890,701 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1000 MW

The Indira Sagar Dam could be a utile project of the state Madhya Pradesh on the Narmada stream at the city of Narmada Nagar, Mundi within the Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh in India. the muse stone of the project was ordered by late Smt Mrs. Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India on twenty three Oct 1984. the development of the most dam started in 1992.
It provides Irrigation in 1,230 sq. kilometres of land with annual production of 2.7 billion units within the districts of Khandwa and Khargone in Madhya Pradesh and power generation of 1,000 MW (8×125 MW) installed capability.

7. Srisailam Dam- Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

Shrisailam Dam

  • State: AndhraPradesh, Telangana
  • River: Krishna River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 145 Meter
  • Length: 512 Meter 
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,071,040 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1670 MW

The Srisailam Dam is built across the Krishna watercourse in between Kurnool district, province and Mahabubnagar, Telangana, close to Srisailam temple city and is that the 2d largest capacity operating electricity station within the country.

The dam was created in a very deep gorge within the Nallamala Hills in between Kurnool and Mahabubnagar districts, 300 m (980 ft) higher than water level. The Left Bank underground powerhouse homes 6 × 150 megawatts (200,000 hp) reversible Francis-pump turbines for pumped-storage operation and therefore the neighborhood semi beneath ground powerhouse homes 7 × 110 megawatts (150,000 hp) Francis-turbine generators.

8.Rihand Dam- Uttar Pradesh

10 Biggest Dams In India 2

  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • River: Rihand River
  • Type: Concrete Gravity
  • Height: 91.44 Meter
  • Length: 934.21 Meter 
  • Reserve Capacity: 85,93,573 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 300 MW

Rihand Dam additionally called Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar, is that the largest dam of Republic of India by volume. The reservoir of Rihand Dam is named Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar and is India’s largest reservoir. Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam situated at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in state, India. Its reservoir space is on the border of Madhya Pradesh and state. it’s situated on the Rihand watercourse, a tributary of the Son watercourse.
The powerhouse is set at the toe of the dam, with put in capability of 300 MW (6 units of 50 MW each)

9. Linganamakki Dam- Karnataka

Linganamakki Dam

  • State: Karnataka
  • River: Sharavathi River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 58.82 Meter
  • Length: 2,400 Meter 
  • Reserve Capacity: 3,483,471.07 acre.ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: N/A

The Linganamakki Dam was made by the karnataka government in 1964. situated within the Kargal village of Sagara taluk, the dam incorporates a length of 2.74 kilometres (1.70 mi) stretching across the Sharavathi watercourse. it’s situated regarding 6 km from Jog Falls.

10. ShriRam Sagar Dam- Telangana

10 Biggest Dams In India 3

  • State: Telangana
  • River: Godavari River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 43 Meter
  • Length: 15,600 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 2,571,582 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 36 MW

The Sri Rama Sagar Project additionally called the Pochampadu Project is associate degree Indian flood-flow project on the Godavari. The Project is found in Nizamabad district, 3 km far from National highway 44. it’s been represented by The Hindu as a “lifeline for an outsized a part of Telangana”.

Sriramsagar is associate irrigation project across watercourse Godavari in Telangana to serve irrigation wants in Karimnagar, Warangal, Adilabad, Nalgonda, and Khammam districts. It additionally provides beverage to Warangal town. there’s a electricity plant performing at the dam website, with four turbines every with nine MW capability generating 36 MW.

This Post Has 7 Comments

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