What Are The Biggest Dams In India?

Dams in India are one of the most contributing factors towards the Indian economy as farming and hydro-power generation depends upon the biggest dams. It plays a vital role in the economic development of the country. India is one of the popular tourist destinations in Asia and reservoirs and Dams attract tourists from all over the world.

Since India gains its independence in 1947 hundreds of Dams were built till now and some of them are under construction. Dams like Tehri dam highest dam in India, Hirakud dam longest dam in India and many other wondrous dams were built in India.

So Here is the List of 10 Biggest Dams In India 2019

Tehri Dam- Uttarakhand

Tehri dam

  • State: Uttrakhand
  • River: Bhagirathi River
  • Type: Rock and earth-fill
  • Height: 260 Meter
  • Length: 575 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 2,100,000 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1000 MW (1,300,000 hp)

The Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India and one of the most elevated on the planet. It is a multi-reason rock and earth-fill dam on the Bhagirathi River close to Tehri in Uttarakhand, India.

Tehri Dam is India’s Highest Dam and 8th Highest Dam in the World.

It is the essential dam of the THDC India Ltd. also, the Tehri hydroelectric complex. Stage 1 was finished in 2006. The Tehri Dam retains a repository for the water system, municipal water supply and produces 1,000 megawatts of hydroelectricity.

Bhakra-Nangal Dam- Himachal Pradesh

Bhakra nangal dam

 

  • State: Himachal Pradesh
  • River: Sutlej River
  • Type: Concrete gravity
  • Height: 226 Meter
  • Length: 520 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,501,775 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1325 MW

Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the Sutlej watercourse in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India. The dam forms the Gobind Sagar reservoir. The dam, placed at a gorge close to the (now submerged) upstream Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh of height 226 m.The length of the dam (measured from the road higher than it) is 518.25 m and also the dimension is 9.1 m.

Its reservoir called “Gobind Sagar” stores up to 9.34 billion cubic meters of water. The ninety metric linear unit long reservoir created by the Bhakra Dam is cover a locality of 168.35 km2. In terms of the amount of water, it’s the third largest reservoir in an Asian country, the primary being Indirasagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with the capability of 12.22 billion conductor m and second Nagarjunasagar Dam.

Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat

sardar-sarovar-dam

  • State: Gujrat
  • River: Narmada River
  • Type: Earth gravity
  • Height: 163 Meter
  • Length: 1210 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,701,775 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1450 MW

The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada river close to Navagam, Gujarat in India. Four Indian states, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, and Rajasthan, receive water and electricity equipped from the dam. the inspiration stone of the project was set out by Prime Minister Nehru on 5 April 1961. The project took to type in 1979 as a part of a development theme funded by the planet Bank through their International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, to extend irrigation and turn out electricity, employing a loan of US$ 200 million.

The development for dam begun in 1987, however, the project was stalled by the Supreme Court of India in 1995 within the background of Narmada Bachao Andolan over considerations of displacement of individuals. In 2000-01 the project was revived however with a lower height of 110.64 meters underneath directions from SC, that was later raised in 2006 to 121.92 meters and 138.98 meters in 2017.

Hirakud Dam- Odisha

Hirakud-Dam

  • State: Odisha
  • River: Mahanadi River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 60.96 Meter
  • Length: 25,800 Meter (25.8 km)
  • Reserve Capacity: 4,779,965 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 307.5 MW

Hirakud Dam is made across the Mahanadi river, near Sambalpur within the state of Odisha. Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km (34 mi) long. it’s one among the primary major useful stream valley comes started when India’s independence.

Hirakud Dam Is the Longest Dam in India As well as In the world with 25.9 Kilometer Length.

Hirakud Dam has a electricity production capacity of 307.5 MW and there are two canals evolved from this dam. Hirakud dam is one of the biggest Dams In India.

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam-Andhrapradesh, Telangana

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam

  • State: Andhrapradesh, Telangana
  • River: Krishna River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 124.66 Meter
  • Length: 4,865 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 9,372,655 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 816 MW

Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is one among the world’s largest and tallest Masonry dams made in the Krishna river. It is one of the biggest dams In India.

The dam made between 1955 and 1967, the dam created a water reservoir with gross storage capability of 11.472 billion cubic meters (405.1×109 cubic ft). The electricity plant contains a power generation capability of 815.6 MW with eight units.

Indira Sagar Dam- Madhya Pradesh

indira sagar dam

  • State: Madhya Pradesh
  • River: Narmada River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 92 Meter
  • Length: 653 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 9,890,701 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1000 MW

The Indira Sagar Dam is a earth fill gravity dam present in Narmada river, Madhya Pradesh. It is one of the most significant and biggest dams in India.

The dam helps Irrigation in 1,230 sq. kilometers of area with annual production of 2.7 billion units only in Madhya Pradesh. The dam has installed power generation capacity of 1,000 MW.

Srisailam Dam- Andhra Pradesh, Telangana

Shrisailam Dam

  • State: AndhraPradesh, Telangana
  • River: Krishna River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 145 Meter
  • Length: 512 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 7,071,040 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 1670 MW

The Srisailam Dam is present in Kurnool district of Telangana and made across Krishna river. The dam is 2nd largest capacity operating electricity station and one of the biggest dams in India.

The dam was made in Nallamala Hills in between Kurnool and Mahabubnagar districts. The power generation unit in the dam is equipped with 6 × 150 megawatts reversible Francis-pump turbines for pumped-storage operation and 7 × 110 megawatts Francis-turbine generators beneath the ground.

Rihand Dam- Uttar Pradesh

  • State: Uttar Pradesh
  • River: Rihand River
  • Type: Concrete Gravity
  • Height: 91.44 Meter
  • Length: 934.21 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 85,93,573 acres-ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 300 MW

Rihand Dam is th largest dam India by volume of water storage. The dam is a concrete gravity dam situated at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Madhya Pradesh, India. 

The dam is made across the Rihand river and is one of the biggest dams in India.The installed power generation capacity of the dam is  300 MW.

Linganamakki Dam- Karnataka

Linganamakki Dam

  • State: Karnataka
  • River: Sharavathi River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 58.82 Meter
  • Length: 2,400 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 3,483,471.07 acre.ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: N/A

The Linganamakki Dam was made by the karnataka government in 1964. The dam has a height of 59 meter and length of 2.4 Kilo meter, making it one of the biggest dams in India.

Linganamakki Dam is present on the sharavathi river, in the state of Karnataka, India.

ShriRam Sagar Dam- Telangana

  • State: Telangana
  • River: Godavari River
  • Type: Earth Fill and Gravity
  • Height: 43 Meter
  • Length: 15,600 Meter
  • Reserve Capacity: 2,571,582 acre⋅ft
  • Hydro-Power Production Capacity: 36 MW

The Sri Rama Sagar is a earth filled gravity dam made across Godavari river and present in the state Telanghana. It is one of the biggest dams in India.

The dam also generates 36 MW of electricity and useful in many agricultural works and needs. The dam stores enough water to meet the need of the local people.

Also Read: Top 10 Highest Waterfalls in India

List of Top 10 Biggest Dams in India

  1. Tehri Dam- Uttarakhand
  2. Bhakra-Nangal Dam- Himachal Pradesh
  3. Sardar Sarovar Dam – Gujarat
  4. Hirakud Dam- Odisha
  5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam-Andhrapradesh, Telangana
  6. Indira Sagar Dam- Madhya Pradesh
  7. Srisailam Dam- Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
  8. Rihand Dam- Uttar Pradesh
  9. Linganamakki Dam- Karnataka
  10. ShriRam Sagar Dam- Telangana

This Post Has 9 Comments

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