Rivers in India

Top 10 Longest Rivers in India

There are hundreds of rivers in India and most of them are used for agriculture and other purpose. Some of them have Dams and some does not. Most of the rivers in India drains their water in either Bay of Bengal or Arabian sea and there are some long river that are more than 500 Km long and covers many states and neighbor countries. Here is the List of Top 10 Longest rivers in India.

Indus River

  • Length (In Km.): 3,180
  • Origin: Tibet Kalish Range
  • Ending: Arabian Sea

The Indus River also referred to as sindhu is one in all the longest rivers in Asia. Originating within the Tibetan upland in the locality of Lake Manasarovar, the river runs a course through the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, India, towards the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan and therefore the Hindukush ranges, then flows in an exceedingly southerly direction on the complete length of Pakistan to merge into the Arabian Sea close to the port town of Karachi in Sindh.

Indus-River is the longest river with 3,180 Km length that flows through India.

The major cities of the Indus valley Civilisation, like Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, date from to around 3300 BC, and represent a number of the most important human habitations of the traditional world. The Indus natural depression Civilisation extended from across northeast Afghanistan to Asian nation and northwest India, with an upward reach from east of Jhelum stream to Ropar on the higher Sutlej.

Brahmaputra River

  • Length (In Km.): 2900
  • Origin: Lake Manasarovar
  • Ending: Bay Of Bengal

The Brahmaputra River is one among the main rivers of Asia, a trans-boundary river that flows through China, India and Bangladesh. The Manas river, that runs through Bhutan, joins Brahmaputra river at Jogighopa, in India.

Brahmaputra the ninth largest river within the world by discharge, and therefore the fifteenth longest.

With its origin within the Manasarovar Lake region, situated on the northern aspect of the Himalaya Mountains in Burang County of Tibet because the Yarlung Tsangpo river, it flows across southern Tibet to interrupt through the Himalaya Mountains in great gorges and into Arunachal Pradesh,India. It flows southwest through the Assam valley as river and south through Bangladesh because the Jamuna. within the huge river Delta, it merges with the Padma, the favored name of the river Ganges in Bangladesh, and at last the Meghna and from here it’s known as Meghna before remotion into the Bay of Bengal.

Ganga River

  • Length (In Km.): 2525
  • Origin: Gangothri
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

The Ganges River is a trans-boundary stream of the Indian subcontinent that flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The 2,525 kilometre river rises within the western Himalaya Mountains in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India. when getting into West Bengal, it divides into 2 rivers: the Hooghly and therefore the Padma river. The Hooghly, or Adi Ganga, flows through many districts of West Bengal and into the Bay of Bengal close to Sagar Island. The other, the Padma, conjointly flows into and thru Bangladesh, and joins the Meghna river that ultimately empties into the Bay of Bengal.

Ganga river is the Longest river in India in terms of Distance Covered.

The river is one among the foremost sacred rivers to Hindus. it’s conjointly a lifeline to several Indians who live on its course and rely on it for their daily desires. it’s idolised in Hinduism and personified because the goddess Ganga. it’s also been vital traditionally, with several former provincial or imperial capitals placed on its banks.

Also Read: Top 10 Largest Dams In India

Godavari River

  • Length (In Km.): 1465
  • Origin: Nasik Hills
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

The Godavari is India’s second longest stream after the Ganga. Its supply is in Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra. It flows east for 1,465 kilometres, exhausting the states of Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha (5.7%),ultimately emptying into the Bay of Bengal through its intensive network of tributaries. measurement up to 312,812 km2, it forms one of the most important river basins within the Indian subcontinent, with only the Ganga and Indus rivers having a bigger drainage basin. In terms of length, catchment area and discharge, the Godavari is that the largest in peninsular India, and had been dubbed because the Vridha Ganga.

The Godavari river has been revered in Hindu scriptures for several millennia and continues to harbour and nourish a fashionable cultural heritage. within the past few decades, the stream has been barred by variety of barrages and dams, limiting its flow.

Narmada River

  • Length (In Km.): 1312
  • Origin: Amarkantak hill in Madhya Pradesh
  • Ending: Arabian Sea

The Narmada river, conjointly referred to as the Rewa and previously also called Nerbudda, is a river in central India after the Godavari, and therefore the Krishna. it’s additionally referred to as “Life Line of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh” for its large contribution to the state of Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh in many ways. Narmada rises from Amarkantak highland close to Anuppur district. It forms the normal boundary between North India and South India and flows westward over a length of 1,312 kilometer before debilitating through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km west of Bharuch town of Gujarat.

It is one among only 3 major rivers in peninsular Republic of India that run from east to west, alongside the Tapti river and also the Mahi river. it’s one among the rivers in India that flows in a valley, flowing west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. the opposite rivers that flow through valley embrace Damodar stream in Chota Nagpur highland and Tapti. The Tapti river and Mahi river additionally flow through rift valleys, however between completely different ranges.

Krishna River

  • Length (In Km.): 1290
  • Origin: Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

The Krishna river originates within the Western Ghats close to Mahabaleshwar at an elevation of concerning 1,300 metres, within the state of Maharashtra in central India. it’s one amongst the longest rivers in India. The Krishna stream is around 1,290 kilometre long. The Krishna river supply is at Mahabaleshwar close to the Jor village within the extreme north of Wai Taluka, Satara District, geographical region within the west and empties into the Bay of Bengal at Hamsaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh, on the East Coast. It flows through the state of Mysore before getting into Telangana State.

The delta of this river is one amongst the most fertile regions in India and was the house to ancient Satavahana and Ikshvaku Sun dynasty kings. Vijayawada is that the largest town on the watercourse Krishna.

The Krishna river is that the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, once the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra River.

Yamuna River

  • Length (In Km.): 1211 
  • Origin: Yamunotri
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

The Yamuna is that the second largest tributary stream of the Ganges River (Ganga) and therefore the longest tributary in India. Originating from the Yamunotri ice mass at a height of 6,387 metres on the southwestern slopes of Banderpooch peaks of the Lower Himalaya in Uttarakhand, it travels a complete length of one,376 kilometres and encompasses a system of 366,223 sq. kilometres 40.2% of the whole Ganges River Basin. It merges with the Ganges River at Triveni Sangam, Prayagraj, that could be a web site of the Kumbh Mela, a Hindu pageant control each twelve years.

With associate degree annual flow of regarding 10,000 cubic billion metres and usage of 4,400 cbm, the stream accounts for over seventy per cent of Delhi’s water system. just like the Ganges, the Yamuna is highly honored in Hinduism and idolised because the goddess Yamuna. In Hindu mythology she is that the daughter of the Sun Deva, Surya, and therefore the sister of Yama, the Deva of Death, thence additionally referred to as Yami. consistent with popular legends, bathing in its sacred waters frees one from the torments of death.

Mahanadi River

  • Length (In Km.): 890
  • Origin: Pharsiya village, chhattisgarh
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

The Mahanadi is one of the major rivers in India or east central India. It drains a part of around 141,600 sq. kilometres and features a total course of 858 kilometres Mahanadi is additionally best-known for the Hirakud Dam. The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.

Like several different seasonal Indian rivers, the Mahanadi too is a combination of the many mountain streams and so its precise supply is not possible to pinpoint. But its farthest origin lie six kilometres from Pharsiya village 442 metres higher than water level south of Sihawa city in Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh. The hills here are an extension of the jap Ghats and are a supply of the many alternative streams that then proceed to join the Mahanadi.

Kaveri River

  • Length (In Km.): 760
  • Origin: Coorg, Karnataka
  • Ending: Bay of Bengal

Kaveri is an Indian river flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamilnadu. it’s the fourth largest after Godavari and Mahanadi watercourse in south India and also the largest in Tamil Nadu that on its course, bisects the state into North and South.

Originating within the foothills of Western Ghats at Talakaveri, Kodagu in Karnataka it flows usually south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and across the southern Deccan tableland through the southeastern lowlands, drains into the Bay of Bengal through 2 principal mouths in Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu. Amongst the watercourse valleys, the Kaveri delta forms one amongst the most fertile regions within the country.

Tapti River

  • Length (In Km.): 724
  • Origin: Bettul
  • Ending: Arabian Sea

The Tapti stream also known as Tapi is a river in central India between the Godavari and Narmada rivers. It flows westward over a length of 724 kilometer before exhausting through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea. It flows through Surat, and is crossed by the Magdalla ONGC Bridge.

The stream Tapti rises in Satpura vary. At Khandwa-Burhanpur Gap the rivers Tapti and Narmada compared to each other. On seven August 1968, before the development of the Ukai Dam to bring its waters in restraint and supply electricity power, the Tapti stream overflowed its banks throughout significant rains during the monsoon season. Tapi is the 10th longest river in India.

Also Read: Top 10 Highest Waterfalls In India

List of Top 10 Longest Rivers in India

  1. Indus River
  2. Brahmaputra River
  3. Ganga River
  4. Godavari River
  5. Narmada River
  6. Krishna River
  7. Yamuna River
  8. Mahanadi River
  9. Kaveri River
  10. Tapti River

These rivers in India are Top 10 longest rivers in India and most of them are used for agriculture purpose and hydroelectric power generation.

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