Top 10 Native Wild Animals in India

Wild Animals In India 

India one of the most diversified country and most of its area is covered by forest. A Range of wildlife animals are found across all India. Most of the animal found in India are native to india and some of them are exclusive to India. So here is the list of top 10 native wild animals in India.

1. Royal Bengal Tiger

bengal tiger
By Seemaleena – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49329017
  • Trinomial Name: Panthera tigris tigris
  • Status: Endangered

The Bengal tiger also known as India Royal Bengal Tiger is a Panthera tigris tigris population in India and in the Indian subcontinent. The animal is listed as Endangered on the IUCN List since the year 2008. It is threatened by Killing , loss, and reduction of habitat area. It is the national animal of India and Bangladesh.

The Bengal Tiger is found on dry forest include Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Kanha-Indravati corridor, Orissa dry forests, Panna National Park, Melghat Tiger Reserve and Ratapani Tiger Reserve.

2. Asiatic Elephant

Asian Elephant
By Yathin S Krishnappa – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21376480
  • Binomial Name: Elephas maximus
  • Status: Endangered

Asiatic elephant also called Asian elephant, is the only surviving species of the genus Elephas .The elephant is found throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asian countries like Nepal, Myanmar and Sumatra. The Asiatic elephant is the largest land living animal in Asia.

The Indian elephant mainly found in mainland Asian country like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malay Peninsula, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand and Vietnam.

3. Asiatic Lion

Asiatic Lion
By Shanthanu Bhardwaj – https://www.flickr.com/photos/tengen/3261991308/in/photostream/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26124541
  • Binomial Name: Panthera leo leo
  • Status: Endangered

The Asiatic lion is a Panthera leo leo population in India. The animal range is restricted to the Gir National Park and environs in the Indian state of Gujarat. The Asiatic Animal is listed as endangered species in IUCN red List because of its small population size and area of occupancy.

As on 2015 the lion population was estimated at 523 individuals, comprising 109 adult males, 201 adult females and 213 cubs. The Asiatic lion found in Indian state of Punjab, Gujarat, Rajastan, Haryana, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.

4. Lion Tailed Macaque

Lion Tailed Macaque
By Chris huh – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2136942
  • Binomial Name: Macaca silenus
  • Status: Endangered

The lion-tailed macaque is an Old World monkey endemic to the Western Ghats of Southern India. The lion-tailed macaque is a rainforest dweller and the animal is active exclusively in daylight hours. It is a good climber and spends a majority of its life in the moist evergreen forests. The animal typically avoids humans when it is possible.

The animal generally found over several states like Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and population is in between 3000-3500 individuals, making it one of the most threaten wildlife animal in India.

5. Indian Rhinoceros

Indian Rhinoceros
By Anuwar ali hazarika – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=49601462
  • Binomial Name: Rhinoceros unicornis
  • Status: Vulnerable

The Indian rhinoceros also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros a is a rhinoceros native to the India and indian subcontinent. The animal is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, as populations are divided and limited to less than 20,000 km2.

The indian rhinoceros once ranged across the entire northern part of the India, along the Indus river, Ganges river and Brahmaputra River basins, from Pakistan to the Indian-Myanmar border, Bangladesh and some parts of Nepal and Bhutan.

6. Indian Leopard

Indian Leopard
By Srikaanth Sekar –  CC BY-SA 2.0, Link
  • Trinomial Name: Panthera pardus fusca
  • Status: Vulnerable

The Indian leopard is a leopard subspecies mostly present on the Indian subcontinent. The species Panthera pardus is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because populations have decreased following by habitat loss and deforestation, killing for the illegal trade of skins and body parts.

7. Sloth Bear

Sloth Bear
By Asiir – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sloth_Bear_Washington_DC.JPG, Public Domain, Link
  • Binomial Name: Melursus ursinus
  • Status: Vulnerable

The sloth bear is a bear species native to the India and Indian subcontinent. The animal feeds on fruits, ants and termites. Sloth bear is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List, mainly because of habitat loss. Sloth bears breed during spring season and early summer season and give birth at almost the beginning of winter season.

The sloth bear mostly found in areas with forest cover, low hills bordering the outer range of the Himalayas and in states like Punjab, Haryana, Arunachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand and some times in UttarPradesh.

8. Blackbuck

By Marle HaleFlickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/5913079964, CC BY 2.0, Link
  • Binomial Name: Antilope cervicapra
  • Status: Least Concerned

The blackbuck also known as the Indian antelope that is found in India, Nepal, and Pakistan. The blackbuck is the sole extant member of the genus Antilope. The species was observed and given its binomial name by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Two subspecies are also recognized.

The animal mostly seen in north part of India in states like Rajasthan, Gujrat, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand. Killing these animal is also crime in India as it is a significant animal in Hinduism.

9. Nilgai

By Charles J Sharp – Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography.co.uk, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=65604372
  • Binomial Name: Boselaphus tragocamelus
  • Status: Least Concerned

The nilgai is the largest Asian antelope and is native to the India and its subcontinent. The sole member of the genus Boselaphus, the species was observed and given its binomial name by German zoologist Peter Simon Pallas in 1766. The nilgai is also called a Blue Bull.

Nilgai likes areas with short bushes and scattered trees in low forests and grasslands. They are common in cultivated lands, but rarely occur in deep dense forest. Major populations occur in the Terai lowlands in the foothills of the Himalayas but the antelope is also found in Nepal and Pakistan.

10. Wild Ass

Wild Ass
By Sballal – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3257038
  • Trinomial Name: Equus hemionus khur
  • Status: Near Threatened

The Indian wild ass is a subspecies of the onager native to India and southern Asia. The animal feeds on grass, leaves and fruits of plant, crop. The animal is currently listed as Near Threatened according to IUCN. However, the population was still growing, In December 2018, the population was estimated at 4,800 individuals.

The Indian wild ass mostly found on Indian state of Gujrat, Rajasthan and southeastern country like Pakistan and Afghanistan.

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