India one of the most diverse country across the world. India is home to more the 1650 languages in India. Out of 1650 languages in India there are 22 schedule languages and can be written in 13 scripts. Hindi is the most spoken language in India following by Bengali, Marathi, Telugu and Tamil.
This list features Top Languages In India ranked by number of speakers and regions.
Top 22 Languages in India
1. Hindi Language
- Speakers: ~592 million (5.92 crore)
- Region: North and Middle India
Hindi is a standardized and Sanskrit language register of the Hindustani language. Hindi, written within the Devanagari, is one among the official languages of India, along side English language. it’s one among the twenty two scheduled languages of the Republic of India. However, it’s not the national language of India as a result of no language was given such a standing within the Indian constitution
Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English.
2. Bengali Language
- Speakers: ~100 million (10 crore) in India
- Region: East and North East India
Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengali in South Asia. it’s the official and most generally spoken language of Bangla Desh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. In 2015, a hundred and sixty million speakers were according for Bangla Desh, and the 2011 Indian census counted another a hundred million. With around 260–300 million total speakers worldwide, Bengali is that the sixth most spoken language by variety of native speakers and seventh most spoken language by total number of speakers in the world.
- Speakers: ~83 million (8.3 crore) in India
- Region: Maharashtra, Goa
Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken preponderantly by around eighty three million Marathi individuals of Maharashtra, India. it’s the official language and co-official language within the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively, and is one among the twenty two scheduled languages of India. At 83 million speakers in 2011, Marathi ranks 19th within the list of most spoken languages in the world. Marathi has the third largest range of native speakers in Republic of India, after Hindi and Bengali.
4. Telugu Language
- Speakers: ~81 million (8.1 crore) in India
- Region: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Telugu is a Dravidian language spoken within the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and therefore the union territories of Puducherry by the Telugu individuals. It stands along with Hindi, English and Bengali jointly of the few languages with primary official language status in more than one Indian state. There also are important linguistic minorities in neighbor states. it’s one among six languages selected as a classical language of India by the country’s government.
- Speakers: ~74 million (7.4 crore) in India
- Region: Tamil Nadu (India), Shri Lanka, Singapore
Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken by the Tamil individuals of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of 3 countries: India, Sri Lanka and Singapore.It is additionally the official language of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and therefore the Union Territory of Puducherry.
It’s used collectively of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities within the four different South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and therefore the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. it’s one among the 22 regular languages of India.
- Speakers: ~51 million (5.1 crore) in India
- Region: UP, Delhi, J&K, Bihar, WB and more
Urdu is a Persianised standard register of the Hindustani language. it’s the official national language and linguistic communication of Pakistan. In India, it’s one among the twenty two official languages recognized within the Constitution of Republic of India, having official standing within the six states of Jammu and Kashmir, Telangana, state, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, likewise because the capital territory of Delhi. it’s a registered regional language of nepal.
- Speakers: ~50 million (5 crore) in India
- Region: Gujarat, Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli
Gujarati is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat and spoken by the Gujarati individuals. Gujarati is part of the greater indo-european language family. Gujarati is descended from old Gujarati. In India, it’s the official language within the state of Gujarat, similarly as an official language within the union territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
As of 2011, Gujarati is that the sixth most generally spoken communication in India by range of native speakers, spoken by 50 million speakers that amounts to concerning 4.5% of the overall Indian population. it’s the twenty sixth most generally spoken language within the world by number of native speakers as of 2007.
- Speakers: ~43.7 million (4.37 crore)
- Region: Karnataka
Kannada is a dravidian language additionally called Kannadigas. it’s spoken preponderantly by Kannada folks in Republic of India, primarily within the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities within the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Kerala and abroad. The language has roughly 43.7 million native speakers, World Health Organization are known as Kannadigas. it’s one in every of the scheduled languages of Republic of India and therefore the official and administrative language of the state of state.
9. Malayalam Language
- Speakers: ~38 million (3.8 crore)
- Region: Kerala
Malayalam is a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and therefore the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry by the Malayali folks, and it’s one among twenty two regular languages of Republic of India. Malayalam has official language standing within the state of Kerala and in the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry and is spoken by 38 million folks worldwide. Malayalam is additionally spoken by linguistic minorities within the neighboring states; with significant range of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.
- Speakers: ~37.5 million (3.75 crore)
- Region: Odisha
Odia is Associate in an Indo-Aryan language spoken within the Indian state of Odisha. it’s the official language in Odisha wherever native speakers 82% of the population, additionally spoken in components of state, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh. Odia is one amongst the numerous official languages of India; it’s the official language of Odisha and also the second official language of Jharkhand. The language is additionally spoken by a sizeable population of a minimum of one million individuals in Chhattisgarh.